Zoology is the area of systematic biology that studies the animal kingdom. Systematic biology or just systematics is "the scientific study of the kinds and diversity of organisms" Simpson, p. The animal kingdom is one of at least five kingdoms into which organisms are now divided; the others are plants, fungi, protoctists, and bacteria. The last two kingdoms comprise only unicellular organisms: Animals and plants are multicellular organisms, but plants have cell walls and animals do not.
Different Branches of Biology
Your email address will not be published. Email Address: Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Botany is the scientific study of plants which include algae, fungi, lichens, mosses, ferns, conifers and flowering plants. Microbiology is the study of all living organisms that are too small to be visible to the naked eye. Human Biology: Human biology is the branch of biology that deals with human beings and human populations.
Human biology is related to other fields of biology such as medicine, primate biology, and biological anthropology. The science and study of bacteria and their relation to medicine and to other areas such as agriculture e. Virology is the study of viruses and virus-like agents, including but not limited to their taxonomy, disease-producing properties, cultivation and genetics. It is often considered a part of microbiology or pathology. Mycology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of fungi.
It includes the research of their genetic and biochemical properties and their use in medicine and food along with their hazards. Entomology is a branch of zoology that studies insects and how they interact with their environment, other species and humans. The study of structure and function of plant and animal cells.
Embryology is the study of the development of an embryo from the stage of ovum fertilization through to the fetal stage. Taxonomy or Systematics: The science of identifying, naming, grouping and classifying plants and animals is called taxonomy or systematics. Genetics is a branch of a biology that deals with heredity and variations.
Parasites are those organisms that live on or inside other organism called the host and draw nourishment from the host are called parasites. The study of parasites is called parasitology. It includes the study of three major groups of animals: It is a branch of biology which studies diseases in plant and animals and their treatment. The immune system protects us from infection through various lines of defense. Immunology is the study of the immune system.
Thus it is a science which aims to improve the human race through controlled heredity. It is a branch of biology which deals with raising crops and live stocks such as cows, buffaloes, etc. Veterinary Science: Marine Biology: Marine biology is the study of marine organisms, their behaviours, and interactions with the environment.
Horticulture is the science and art of producing, improving, marketing, and using fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants. Animal Husbandry: It includes day-to-day care, selective breeding and the raising of livestock like cows, buffaloes etc. Sericulture, or silk farming, is the rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk. The breeding, rearing, and transplantation of fish by artificial means is called pisciculture. Tissue Culture: Molecular Biology: The field of molecular biology overlaps with biology and chemistry and in particular, genetics and biochemistry.
Biotechnology is the use of biological processes, organisms, or systems to manufacture products intended to improve the quality of human life. Cloning is a process of asexual reproduction to create offspring that are genetically identical to the parent. It is the branch of biology which with the help of engineering science help in making artificial limbs, joints and other parts of the body using engineering materials and techniques. It also includes improvement of crops for disease resistance and yield.
Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical engineering is the application of engineering principles to the fields of biology and health care. Biomedical engineers work with doctors, therapists and researchers to develop systems, equipment, and devices in order to solve clinical problems. The job includes design, development, production, and maintenance of medical instruments.
Nuclear biology: Space Biology: The study of survival of living things in a space is called space biology. Genomics is a study of the genomes of organisms. Bioinformatics is the application of information technology to the study of living things, usually at the molecular level. Bioinformatics involves the use of computers to collect, organize and use biological information to answer questions in fields like evolutionary biology. Biometrics is a technological and scientific authentication method based on biology and used in information assurance IA.
Biometric identification authenticates secure entry, data or access via human biological information such as DNA or fingerprints. Forensic science: The forensic sciences are used around the world to resolve civil disputes, to justly enforce criminal laws and government regulations, and to protect public health. The field of forensic science depends on other branches of science, including physics, chemistry, and biology, with its focus being on the recognition, identification, and evaluation of physical evidence.
It has become an essential part of the judicial system to achieve information relevant to criminal and legal evidence. Genetic Engineering: Gynecology and Obstetrics: This system includes bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, nerves, and tendons. It is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology, and diseases of the eyeball and orbit.
Oncology is the branch of medicine that researchers, identifies and treats cancer. Cardiology is a branch of medicine that concerns diseases and disorders of the heart, which may range from congenital defects through to acquired heart diseases such as coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure. Urology is a surgical specialty that deals with the treatment of conditions involving the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs. Nephrology is a branch of medical science that deals with diseases of the kidneys.
Pediatrics is the branch of medicine dealing with the health and medical care of infants, children, and adolescents from birth up to the age of Leave a Comment Cancel Your email address will not be published. Content is protected!!
What is Biology?
The history of zoology traces the study of the animal kingdom from ancient to modern times. Although the concept of zoology as a single coherent field arose much later, the zoological sciences emerged from natural history reaching back to the biological works of Aristotle and Galen in the ancient Greco-Roman world. This ancient work was further developed in the Middle Ages by Muslim physicians and scholars such as Albertus Magnus. Prominent in this movement were Vesalius and William Harvey , who used experimentation and careful observation in physiology , and naturalists such as Carl Linnaeus , Jean-Baptiste Lamarck , and Buffon who began to classify the diversity of life and the fossil record , as well as the development and behavior of organisms. Microscopy revealed the previously unknown world of microorganisms , laying the groundwork for cell theory.
The branches of biology are plentiful.
Share interesting photos to engage biology enthusiasts. The term biology is taken from the Greek word "bios" meaning life and "logos" meaning study. Biology is the science that studies about various living organisms. A living organism could be a one-celled bacteria or a several-celled organism such as an animal or a plant. Biological science is classified into various branches, depending upon the organisms to be studied, and is a vast field. Branches of Biology.
33 BRANCHES OF BIOLOGY: A Comprehensive Outline to Studying Life
Z oology is the study of animal kingdom which includes the anatomy, physiology, evolution, characteristic, and classification of all living and extinct animals. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. By using this form you agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website. Leave this field empty. Animal Cells Prokaryotic Cells Vs.
Branches of Biology
33 BRANCHES OF BIOLOGY: A Comprehensive Outline to Studying Life
The science which deals with the study of living objects and their life processes is called biology Greek words, bios — life, logos — study. It covers all aspect of the study of living creatures like occurrence, classification, ecology, economic importance, external form, organization, internal structure, nutrition, health and other body functions, reproduction, life history, inheritance and origin. Being broad — based and multi- disciplinary, the term biology is often replaced by the term life sciences or biological sciences. The term biology was coined by Lamarck. There are three major branches of biology — botany, zoology and microbiology. Botany is the branch of biology which deals with the study of different aspects of plants. Theophrastus is known as the father of Botany.
(General Science) BIOLOGY - Main Branches of Biology and Fields of Biology
Zoology , branch of biology that studies the members of the animal kingdom and animal life in general. It includes both the inquiry into individual animals and their constituent parts, even to the molecular level, and the inquiry into animal populations, entire faunas, and the relationships of animals to each other, to plants, and to the nonliving environment. Though this wide range of studies results in some isolation of specialties within zoology, the conceptual integration in the contemporary study of living things that has occurred in recent years emphasizes the structural and functional unity of life rather than its diversity. Domestication of animals forced man to take a systematic and measured view of animal life, especially after urbanization necessitated a constant and large supply of animal products. Study of animal life by the ancient Greeks became more rational, if not yet scientific, in the modern sense, after the cause of disease—until then thought to be demons—was postulated by Hippocrates to result from a lack of harmonious functioning of body parts. In Roman times Pliny brought together in 37 volumes a treatise , Historia naturalis , that was an encyclopaedic compilation of both myth and fact regarding celestial bodies, geography, animals and plants, metals, and stone. Zoology continued in the Aristotelian tradition for many centuries in the Mediterranean region and by the Middle Ages, in Europe, it had accumulated considerable folklore, superstition, and moral symbolisms, which were added to otherwise objective information about animals. Gradually, much of this misinformation was sifted out:
Your email address will not be published. Email Address: Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Botany is the scientific study of plants which include algae, fungi, lichens, mosses, ferns, conifers and flowering plants. Microbiology is the study of all living organisms that are too small to be visible to the naked eye. Human Biology: Human biology is the branch of biology that deals with human beings and human populations. Human biology is related to other fields of biology such as medicine, primate biology, and biological anthropology. The science and study of bacteria and their relation to medicine and to other areas such as agriculture e. Virology is the study of viruses and virus-like agents, including but not limited to their taxonomy, disease-producing properties, cultivation and genetics.
To ensure the site displays correctly, please use a more modern browser, like Firefox or Google Chrome. Zoologists are life scientists who study animals, observing them in the laboratory and in their natural habitat.
Now we have the chance to discuss about the branches of biology. Biology is mainly divided into two major branches: The branch of biological science which deals with the plant kingdom is known as botany and otherwise the branch of biological science which deals with the animal kingdom is known as zoology. Both of botany and zoology are developing into pure and applied branches. In the pure branches the theories and concepts are in the area of study and the application of those theories for the welfare of the human beings are dealt in the applied branches. The pure branch of biology is also divided into some branches, such as: This branch deals with the shape external structures of living organism.
Biology is the science of life. Its name is derived from the Greek words "bios" life and "logos" study. Biologists study the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution and distribution of living organisms. There are generally considered to be at least nine "umbrella" fields of biology, each of which consists of multiple subfields. Adding to the complexity of this enormous idea is the fact that these fields overlap. It is impossible to study zoology without knowing a great deal about evolution, physiology and ecology. You can't study cellular biology without knowing biochemistry and molecular biology as well. All the branches of biology can be unified within a framework of five basic understandings about living things. Studying the details of these five ideas provides the endless fascination of biological research:. Biology is often studied in conjunction with other sciences, such as mathematics and engineering, and even social sciences. Here are a few examples: Our fascination with biology has a long history. Even early humans had to study the animals they hunted and know where to find the plants they gathered for food. The invention of agriculture was the first great advance of human civilization.